The Concept of an Artist and the Conflict of Generations in “Epistle to the Pissos” by Horace. A Gloss on Ancient Literary Criticism

Wojciech Kopek

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21697/2018.4.03

Abstrakt


his paper, taking as a starting point Horace’s “Epistle to the Pissos”, its form and structure, approaches the Horatian problem of an artist involved in the Roman social issues, dominated by such categories as pietas and dignitas, both in relationship to the poet himself and to the social position and role of the profession of an artist (dichotomy: otium – negotium). Moreover, the role of a literary critic is discussed. A literary critic, by imposing certain rules and constraints on the artist, himself is not free of the social pressure being the result of the client/patron dependence. Writing in this context becomes an art of a compromise of values, between social and legal solutions founded in Rome’s traditional ‘community of citizens’ and the aesthetic limits and needs of the new generation of creators and their audiences.

Słowa kluczowe


Horace; Epistle to the Pissos

Sponsor


Translate by Grzegorz Moroz

Pełny tekst:

PDF (English)

Bibliografia


Roy Keneth Hack, The Doctrine of Literary Forms, „Harvard Studies in Classical Philology” 1916, Vol. 27.

Eduard Norden, Die composition und Literaturgattung der horatzischen Epistula ad Pisones, „Hermes” 1905, XL.

Oskar Weissenfels, Aesthetisch-kritische analyse der Ep. ad Pis. von horaz, „Neues Lausittzisches Magazin” 1880, LVI.

Charles Oscar Brink, Horace on Poetry. Prolegomena to the Literary Epistles, vol. I, Cambridge 1963.

Egon Flaig, Zrytualizowana polityka. Znaki, gesty i władza w starożytnym rzymie, przekł. i oprac. Leszek Mrozewicz, Aurelia Pawlicka, Poznań 2013.

Michael von Albrecht, A history of Roman Literature. From Livius Andronicus to Boethius, t. 1, Leiden–New York–Köln 1997.

Rosemary Harriott, Poetry and criticism Before Plato, London 1969.

Malcolm Heath, Hesiod’s Didactic Poetry, „The Classical Quarterly” 1985, Vol. 35, No. 2.

Andrew Ford, The origins of criticism, Literary culture and Poetic Theory in classical Greece, Princeton 2002.

Grace M. Ledbetter, Poetics before Plato, Princeton 2002.

Zachary P. Biles, aristophanes and the Poetics of competition, Cambridge 2011.

Jacob Burckhardt, History of Greek culture, trans. Palmer Hilty, New York 1963.

Jerzy Danielewicz, Morfologia hymnu antycznego, Poznań 1976.

Walter J. Ong, The agonistic Base of Scientifically abstract Thought, „Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association” 1982, Vol. 56.

Milton W. Humphreys, The agon of the old comedy, „The American Journal of Philology” 1887, Vol. 8, No. 2.

Walter Jackson Ong, oOralność i piśmienność. Słowo poddane technologii, przeł. Józef Japola, Lublin 1992.

Eric Csapo, William J. Slater, The context of ancient Drama, Ann Arbor 1994.

Janet Lungstrum, Elizabeth Sauer, Introduction, w: Agonistics: arenas of creative contest, ed. Janet Lungstrum, Elizabeth Sauer, New York 1997.

Benjamin C. Sax, Cultural agonistics: Nietzsche, the Greeks, Eternal recurrence, w: Agonistics: arenas of creative contest….

Michael Burger, The Shaping of Western civilization: From antiquity to the Enlightenment, Toronto 2008.

Elton T.E. Barker, Entering the agon. Dissent and authority in Homer, historiography and Tragedy, Oxford 2009.

Kenneth Quinn, Texts and contexts. The roman Writers and their audience, London 1979.

Gilbert Highet, masks and Faces in Satire, „Hermes” 1974, 102, No. 2.

Zoja Pavlovskis, Aristotle, Horace, and the Ironic man, „Classical Philology” 1968, Vol. 63, No. 1.

Heinrich Lausberg, Retoryka literacka. Podstawy wiedzy o literaturze, przeł. i oprac. Albert Gorzkowski, Bydgoszcz 2002.

Andrzej Tyszczyk, O pojęciu wartości negatywnej w literaturze, w: Problematyka aksjologiczna w nauce o literaturze, red. Stefan Sawicki, Andrzej Tyszczyk, Lublin 1992.

Ellen Oliensis, horace and the rhetoric of authority, Cambridge 1998.

Andrzej Wójcik, Talent i sztuka. rzecz o poezji Horacego, Wrocław 1986.

Spyridon Tzounakas, «Rusticitas» versus «urbanitas» in the Literary Programmes of Tibullus and Persius, „Mnemosyne” 2006, Vol. 59, Fasc. 1.

Edwin S. Ramage, Early roman urbanity, „The American Journal of Philology” 1960, Vol. 81, No. 1.

Stanisław Stabryła, „Wstęp”, w: Rzymska krytyka i teoria literatury, Wrocław 1983.

Emma Gee, Cicero’s poetry, w: The cambridge companion to Cicero, ed. Catherine E. W. Steel, Cambridge 2013.

Walter Ralph Johnson, Neoteric Poetics, w: A companion to catullus, ed. Marilyn B. Skinner, 2007.

Wendell Clausen, Cicero and the New Poetry, „Harvard Studies in Classical Philology” 1986, Vol. 90.

Nigel B. Crowther, ΟΙ ΝΕΩΤΕΡΟΙ, Poetae Novi, and cantores Euphorionis, „The Classical Quarterly” 1970, Vol. 20, No. 2.

R.O.A.M. Lyne, The Neoteric Poets, „The Classical Quarterly” 1978, Vol. 28, No. 1,

Gavin Townend, Literature and Society, w: The Cambridge ancient history, II ed., vol. X: The augustan Empire, 43 B.c – a.D. 69, ed. Alan K. Bowman, Edward Champlin, Andrew Lintott, Cambridge 2006.

Donald Andrew Russell, De imitatione, w: Creative Imitation and Latin Literature, ed. David West, Tony Woodman, Cambridge 2001.

Colin William Macleod, Horatian Imitatio and odes 2.5, Creative Imitation and Latin Literature, ed. David West, Tony Woodman, Cambridge 2001.

Ellen E. Perry, Rhetoric, Literary criticism, and the roman aesthetics of artistic Imitation, w: The ancient art of Emulation, ed. Elaine K. Gazda, 2002.

Joseph Farrell, The Augustan Period: 40 BC – AD 14, w: A companion to Latin Literature, ed. Stephen Harrison, 2005.

Ellen O’Gorman, Archaism and historicism in Horace’s odes, w: Clio and the Poets, Augustan Poetry and the Traditions of ancient historiography, ed. David S. Levene, Damien P. Nelis, Leiden 2002.

Phebe Lowell-Bowditch, Horace and the Gift Economy of Patronage, Berkeley 2001.

Agnieszka Dziuba, Sentencja w tekście «historii rzymskiej» Wellejusza Paterkulusa, „Roczniki Humanistyczne” 2005, t. LIII, z. 3.

Ignacy Lewandowski, Historiografia rzymska, Poznań 2007.

Wojciech Kopek, Bellum civile, bellum externum. mabiwalencja obrazów wojny w twórczości Horacego, „Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Historicolitteraria” 2015, XV, folia 185.

Nigel B. Crowther, The collegium Poetarum at Rome: Fact and conjecture, „Latomus” 1973, t. 32, Fasc. 3.

Zewnętrzne odnośniki

  • Obecnie brak jakichkolwiek odnośników.