Although the age of the mass party as an organizational form is long in the past, the mass party remains a widely accepted normative ideal, closely connected to the idea of party government and to a voters-as-principals-parties-as-agents understanding of democracy. In evolving from mass party, to catch-all party, to cartel party European democracies have also been evolving towards an ‘anti-political’ view of government, along with models of consensus democracy and the regulatory state. This evolution helps to explain the decline in popular connection to political parties. Ironically, the associated causes of this decline are generally regarded as good, notwithstanding that the decline itself is often identified as a crisis. Moreover, analysis of this decline suggests as striking similarity between the consensus model of democracy and the cartel party model of democracy, notwithstanding that the first is often seen as a goal to which democracies should be moving while the second is seen as a threat to democracy itself.
Autorzy przekazują wydawcy autorskie prawa majątkowe.
Blyth, M. and Katz, R.S. (2005). From Catch-All Politics to Cartelisation. West European Politics 28 (January), pp. 33–60.
Butler, D. and Stokes, D. (1969). Political Change in Britain. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Crossman, R. (1976). Diaries of a Cabinet Minister. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Dahl, R.A. (1956). A Preface to Democratic Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Dahl, R.A. (1961). Who Governs? Democracy and Power in an American City. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Downs, A. (1957). An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper.
Finer, S.E. (1970). Comparative Government. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
Lynn, J. and Jay, A. (1988). Yes, Prime Minister: The Diaries of the Right Hon. James Hacker. Topsfield, MA: Salem House.
Katz, R.S. (2013). Should We Believe that Improved Intra-Party Democracy Would Arrest Party Decline? In: W. Cross and R. S. Katz, eds., The Challenges of Intraparty Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 49–64.
Katz, R. S. and Mair, P. (1995). Changing Models of Party Organization and Party Democracy: The Emergence of the Cartel Party. Party Politics 1:1, pp. 5–28.
Kirchheimer, O. (1966). The Transformation of the Western European Party Systems. In: J. La Palombara and M. Weiner, eds., Political Parties and Politic al Development. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp. 177–200.
Lijphart, A. (1999). Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Counties. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
OSCE/ODIHR (2011). Guidelines on Political Party Regulation. Warsaw: OSCE/ODIHR.
Panebianco, A. (1988). Political Parties: Organization and Power. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Parisi, A. and Pasquino, G. (1979). Changes in Italian Electoral Behavior: The Relationships between Parties and Voters. West European Politics 2, pp. 6–30.
Schmitter, P. (2001). Parties Are Not What They Once Were. In: L. Diamond and R. Gunther, eds., Political Parties and Democracy. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 67–89.
Truman, D. (1951). The Governmental Process: Political Interests and Public Opinion. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Whiteley, P. et al. (2001). Turnout. Parliamentary Affairs, 54(4), pp. 775–88.
Wibberly, L. (1955). The Mouse that Roared. Boston: Little, Brown.
AfiliacjaThe Johns Hopkins University