When Catholicism meets the EU: it’s not always Euroenthusiasm
This paper examines why, when and how Catholicism adopts a Eurosceptic narrative and whether religious Euroscepticism can emerge in post-communist countries, also comparing how the narrative changed before and after accession. The scope is threefold: (i) first, it seeks to provide an in-depth study on Catholicism and European integration. While religion
has generally been considered as supportive of a positive attitude toward the European Union (EU), this analysis shows it can also become an element of Euroscepticism; (ii) second, it focuses on the case study of Poland, using CBOS and PNES data; and (iii) third, it suggests an original framework, and explores, from a comparative perspective, when and how the Roman Catholic Church (or a branch thereof) has sought an alliance with a political party.
Pełny tekst:PDF (English)
BBalser, B.B. and Foxman, A. H. (2006). Poland: Democracy and the Challenge of Extremism. A special report by the Anti-Defamation League. Available at: www.adl.org.
Ben-Nun Bloom, P. and Arikan, G. (2012). A Two edged Sword: The Differential Effect of Religious Belief and Religious Social Context on Attitudes towards Democracy. Political Behavior, 34, pp. 249–276.
Ben-Nun Bloom, P. and Arikan, G. (2013a). Priming Religious Belief and Religious Social Affects Support for Democracy. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 25, pp. 368–382.
Ben-Nun Bloom, P. and Arikam, G. (2013b). Religion and Support for Democracy: A Cross-National Test of the Mediating Mechanisms. British Journal of Political Science, 43, pp. 375–397.
Bremer, T. (2008). The Catholic Church and its Role in Politics and Society. In: S P. Ramet, K. Clewing and R. Lukić, eds., Croatia since Independence. War, Politics, Society, Foreign Relations. München: Oldenbourg Verlag GmbH, pp. 251–268.
Broughton, D. and ten Napel, H-M., eds., (2000). Religion and Mass Electoral Behaviour in Europe. London: Routledge/ECPR Studies in European Political Science.
Buchenau, K. (2005). Religions in the European South East in the 21st Century: Change of importance (The Case of the Serbian Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church among the Croats). In: M. Vukomanović and M. Vučinić, eds., Religious Dialogue in the Balkans: The Drama of Understanding. Belgrade: Belgrade Open School, pp.127–135.
Byford, J. (2008). Denial and Repression of Antisemitism. Post-Communist Remembrance of the Serbian Bishop Nikolaj Velimirović. Budapest: Central European University.
Casal Bertóa, F. and Guerra, S. (2016). Earthquake or Hurricane? The Rise and Fall of Populist Parties in Poland. In: S. B. Wolinetz and A. Zaslove, eds., Absorbing the Blow? Populist Parties and Their Impact on Party Systems. Colchester: ECPR Press, forthcoming.
Casanova, J. (2006). Religion, European secular identities and European integration. In: T. A. Byrnes and P. J. Katzenstein., eds., Religion in an Expanding Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 65–92.
De Lange, S.L. and Guerra, S. (2009). The League of Polish Families between East and West, Past and Present. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 42, pp. 527–549.
Enyedi, Z. (1996). Organising a Subcultural Party in Europe. The Case of the Hungarian Christian Democrats. Party Politics, 2, pp. 377–396.
EB69. (2008). Eurobarometer. Public opinion in the European Union. Brussels: European Commission. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb69/eb69_en.htm.
Gautier, M.L. (1997). Church Attendance and Religious Belief in Postcommunist Societies. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 36, pp. 289–296.
Graff, A. (2006). We (Are Not) All Homophobes. Feminist Studies, 32, pp. 434–449.
Grzymala-Busse, A. (2012). Why Comparative Politics Should Take Religion (More) Seriously. Annual Review of Political Science, 15, pp. 421–442.
Guerra, S. (2012). Eurosceptic Allies or Euroenthusiast Friends? The Political Discourse of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland. In: L. Leustean., ed., Does God Matter? Representing Religion in the European Union. London: Routledge, Series on Religion and Politics, pp. 139–151.
Guerra, S. (2013). Central and Eastern Attitude in the Face of Union. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Guerra, S. (2016a). Religion and the EU: A commitment under stress. In: J. FitzGibbon, B. Leruth and N. J. Startin., eds., Euroscepticism as a Transnational and Pan-European Phenomenon: The Emergence of a New Sphere of Opposition. London: Routledge, pp. 147–161.
Guerra, S. (2016b). Distrust Unbound: What next after joining the EU. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 49, pp. 233–241.
Guerra, S. (forthcoming). What is euroscepticism and how do we measure it? In: S. Usherwood, N. Startin and S. Guerra, eds., Euroscepticism in the EU: New Dimensions in Opposition to European Integration, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, New Horizons in European Politics Series.
Haynes, J. (1998). Religion in Global Politics. London: Longman.
Hooghe, L. and Marks, G. (2009). A Postfunctionalist Theory of European Integration: From Permissive Consensus to Constraining Dissensus. British Journal of Political Science, 39, pp. 1–23.
Jakelić, S. (2010). Collectivistic Religions. Religion, Choice, and Identity in Late Modernity. Farnham: Ashgate.
Jasiewicz, K. (2008). The new populism in Poland. The usual suspects?. Problems of Post-Communism, 55, pp. 7–25.
Jasiewicz, K. (2003). Pocketbook or Rosary? Economic and Identity Voting in 2000–2001 Elections in Poland. Studies in Public Policy, 379. Glasgow: University of Strathclyde.
Krzeminski, I. (2001). The National Identity and European Consciousness of Poles. In: P. Drulák, ed., National and European Identities in EU Enlargement: Views from Central and Eastern Europe. Prague: Institute of International Relations, pp. 57–68.
Kubik, J. and Lynch, A. (2006). The original sin of Poland’s third Republic: discounting “Solidarity” and its consequences for political reconciliation. Polish Sociological Review, 1, pp. 9–38.
Leconte, C. (2010). Understanding Euroscepticism. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Linz, J.J. and Stepan, A. (1996). Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation. Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Markowski, R. (1999). Polish Party System: Institutionalization – Political Representation – Issue Structuring. Polish Academy of Science. Draft paper prepared for presentation at the ECPR Joint Sessions Mannheim, 26–31 March.
Nelsen, B.F. and Guth, J.L., (2003). Religion and Youth Support for the European Union. Journal of Common Market Studies, 41, pp. 89–112.
Nelsen, B.F., Guth, J.B. and Highsmith, B. (2011). Does Religion Still Matter? Religion and Public Attitudes toward Integration in Europe. Politics and Religion, 4, pp. 1–26.
Nelsen, B.t F., Guth J. L. and Fraser, C. R., (2001). Does Religion Matter? European Union Politics, 2, pp. 191–217.
Philpott, D. and Shah, T. S. (2006). Faith, freedom, and federation: the role of religious ideas and institutions in European political convergence. In: T. A. Byrnes and P. J. Katzenstein, eds., Religion in an Expanding Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 34–64.
Ramet, S.P. (2006). The way we were – and should be again? European Orthodox Churches and the “idyllic past”. In: T. A. Byrnes and P. J. Katzenstein., eds., Religion in an Expanding Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 148–175.
Szczerbiak, A. (2004). Polish euroscepticism in the run-up to EU accession. European Studies – An Interdisciplinary Series in European Culture. History and Politics, 20, pp. 247–268.
Szumigalska, A. (2015). The Polish Catholic Church’s perceptions of the processes of EU integration and Europeanisation in the context of traditional norms and values. Religion, State and Society, 43, pp. 342–356.
Taggart, P. (1998). A touchstone of dissent: Euroscepticism in contemporary Western European party systems. European Journal of Political Research, 33, pp. 363–388.
Taggart, P. (2006). Questions of Europe – The Domestic Politics of the 2005 French and Dutch Referendums and their Challenge for the Study of European Integration. Keynote Article. Journal of Common Market Studies, 44 (s1), pp. 7–25.
Taggart, P. and Szczerbiak, A. (2002). The Party Politics of Euroscepticism in EU Member States and Candidate States. SEI Working Paper No. 51. Opposing Europe Research Network Working Paper No. 6. Falmer, Brighton: Sussex European Institute, University of Sussex.
Taggart, P. and Szczerbiak, A. (2004). Contemporary Euroscepticism in the Party Systems of the EU Candidate States of Central and Eastern Europe. European Journal of Political Research, 43, pp. 1–27.
Warner, C.M. (2000). Confessions of an Interest Group. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Zuba, K. (2006). Polski eurosceptycyzm i eurorealizm. Opole: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Opolskiego.
Zubek, V. (1991). Wałęsa’s Leadership and Poland’s Transition. Problems of Communism, 40, pp. 69–83.
Zubrzycki, G. (2008). ‘Poles-Catholics’ and ‘Symbolic Jews’: Religion and the Construction of Symbolic Boundaries in Poland’. In: D. L. Bergen., ed., Lessons and Legacies VIII. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, pp. 289–322.
- Obecnie brak jakichkolwiek odnośników.