Party funding regulation in Poland (1990–2015): an appraisal

Fernando Casal Bértoa



In the second half of 2015 Poland held a referendum in which voters were asked to give their opinion on the way party funding was regulated. Of those 7.8 percent of voters who turned out at the polls, only 17.4 percent voted in favour of the system of public funding in force at the time. Taking into consideration such a “negative” social opinion regarding the Polish regime of party funding, this article examines how political party funding (both
public and private) is regulated in Poland, how it has changed over time, and how it could be developed. The main conclusion is that even if the current regime is better than the one existing before 2001, there is still much room for improvement.

Słowa kluczowe

party funding; political parties; Poland; 1990–2015

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Casal Bértoa, F. and Biezen, I. van (2017). The Regulation of Post-communist Party Politics. Abingdon/New York: Routledge.

Casal Bértoa, F. and Spirova, M. (2013). Get a Subsidy or Perish! Party Funding and Party Survival in Europe. The Legal Regulation of Political Parties Working Paper Series (n. 29).

Casal Bértoa, F. and Walecki, M. (2014). Regulating Polish Politics: ‘Cartel’ Parties in a Non-Collusive Party System. East European Politics, v. 30, n. 3, pp. 330–350.

Hartliński, M. (2015). The 2015 Referendum in Poland. East European Quarterly, v. 23, n. 2–3, pp. 235–242.

Walecki, M. (2005). Money and Politics in Poland. Warsaw: ISP.

Main legal texts examined

Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 2nd April 1997. Available at: [Accessed: Jan. 2015].

Act of 27th June 1997 on Political Parties. Available at: [Accessed: Aug. 2014].

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