This article is the first comprehensive overview of the criminal regulations of the first Statute of Mazovia, which was announced by Prince Siemowit III of Masovia on April 27, 1377 in Sochaczew. The authoress examines 11 criminal laws, which cover more than half of the act. The article presents the legal and penal regulations concerning: the conditions of taking revenge, villainy (robbery and persistent thievery), broadly defined rape on a person, the amount of were-gild for murdering a Włodyka (a representative of lower knighthood) and a well-to-do peasant, complicity, the defamation of people of high rank (i. e. the rebuke of nobility), the requirements on which one can exonerate themselves in court, as well as the amount of compensatory damages for beating or wounding a well-to-do peasant. While discussing specific legal articles, the author explains the basic notions concerning mazovian criminal law both substantive and procedural, in particular: the penalty of proscription, a vendetta, the penalty of infamy, the rebuke of nobility, exoneration, were-gild and punitive damages. At the same time, the article presents the issue of the death penalty and confiscation of one’s property, which were the most severe penalties for convicted criminals. The article concludes with the summary of the conducted research.
AfiliacjaWNHiS UKSW, Warszawa Polska
Patrycja Ewa Herod, PhD, is a graduate of the Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Warsaw (2008) and a graduate of the Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw (2011), where she defended with distinction her doctoral thesis entitled "The development of the Masovian law against the background of political and structural transformations in Masovia until the fifteenth century under the guidance of Prof. Jolanta M. Marszalska (2014). In addition, she is an advocate in the Bar Association in Warsaw (since 2013). The main subject of her research interests is the history of the Middle Ages, with particular emphasis on the history of law and the Masovian land. She is the author of several articles, mainly devoted to the medieval history of Masovia, and has prepared more than 40 subject matter entries, which appeared in the Catholic Encyclopedia.