The thunderbolt as a Sign of God in Orosius’ Seven Books of History against the Pagans

Tomasz Skibiński

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21697/sc.2017.24.5

Abstrakt


In the preface to the “Seven Books of History against the Pagans”  Orosius announces that he will present different disasters which affected mankind throughout history, and mentions among them thunderbolt strikes. The article aims at analysing the descriptions of this phenomenon
from the point of view of their circumstances, time, results and meanings. The study shows that although the circumstances are different, it was always God who sent down the lightning strikes and spoke through them. Orosius dedicates a lot of attention to the sacking of Rome by the Visigoths in 410 AD, which ended also with a lightning strike. The analysis
of this and of other descriptions shows Orosius’ vision of history and the temporal order based on the power of Rome and faith in the true God.


Słowa kluczowe


Orosius, Sevens Books of History against the Pagans, thunderbolt, sign, portent

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Bibliografia


Sources

Orosius, Historiarum aduersus paganos libri VII: Orose, Histoires (Contre les Païens), t. I. Livres I-III, t. II. Livres IV-VI, t. III. Livre VII, texte établi et traduit par Marie- Pierre Arnaud-Lindet, Les Belles Lettres, Paris 1990-1991.

Orosius, Seven Books of History against the Pagans, translated with an introduction and notes by A.T. Fear, Liverpool University Press, Liverpool 2010, ”Translated Texts for Historians” 54.

Tacitus Publius Cornelius, Historiarum libri: Histoires (IV-V), ed. H. Goelzer, Les Belles Lettres, Paris 1956.

Iulius Obsequens, Liber prodigiorum: Giulio Ossequente, Prodigi, introduzione e testo di P. Mastandrea, traduzione e note di Massimo Gusso, Oscar Mondatori, Milano 2005.

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