Patriarchowie Izraela – postacie historyczne, legendarne czy eponimy?

Waldemar Chrostowski



The article is an attempt to summarize the problems which come into
view when the patriarchs of Israel are studied. More particularly, the attention
is focused on the question of whether they are eponyms, legendary
figures or historical persons. The narrative of Gen 12–50 was composed
in the Persian period, so the distance from the possible time when Abraham,
Isaac and Joseph/Israel lived is very long. This problem is connected
with the role of archaeology and extra-biblical evidence. Regarding the
patriarchs the question is posed whether they in fact “existed”, that is, if
they are historical persons or literary imaginations invented by authors of
the second part of Genesis.

Słowa kluczowe

patriarchowie Izraela; historia; legenda; eponimy

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