PRAWO RZYMSKIE A EUROPEJSKA TRADYCJA PRAWNA

Danuta Kabat-Rudnicka

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21697/zp.2011.11.4.08

Abstrakt


ROMAN LAW AND EUROPEAN LEGAL CULTURE

Summary
The Roman law and the later neo-Roman law (ius commune), underlies the legal systems of the Western world, i.e. the continental system (civil law) and the Anglo-American system (common law). The essential constants of European legal culture, formed also by the Roman law are: personalism, referring to the individual as subject, end and an intellectual point of reference in the law; legalism, meaning not merely the monopoly of the modern legislator to create and change the law, but the need to base decisions about social relationships and conflicts on a general rule of law, whose validity and acceptance does not depend on moral, social and political values or purposes; intellectualism that relates to the particular way in which the phenomenon of law is understood. And even today, when we observe a trend towards the unification of law, whether on global or only a regional scale, the Roman law can still serve as a point of reference.


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