FEDERALNE PRAWO ŁASKI W STANACH ZJEDNOCZONYCH AMERYKI

Wojciech Kwiatkowski

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21697/zp.2015.15.3.04

Abstrakt


United States Federal Executive Clemency
Summary
The article relates to the core principles underlying federal executive
clemency as an act that mitigates the punitive consequences resulting
from a criminal conviction. Presidential clemency is also the least appreciated and most misunderstood of presidential powers – the Constitution
places no limits on the way the President exercises his power to pardon,
except in cases of impeachment.
The article gives a historical overview of the power of clemency in the
U.S. Constitution. It also examines the evolution of the Supreme Court’s
views on clemency over the years, both substantively and procedurally,
and how the Court has interpreted the power to grant pardons, conditional pardons, as well as amnesties, commutations of sentence, remissions of fines and forfeitures, and respites. It discusses the procedure
for clemency, including the role of the Pardon Attorney, and concludes
with a proposal of certain reforms to reinvigorate the federal pardon
process and restore its moral force.

Słowa kluczowe


prawo łaski; prezydent USA; ułaskawienie.

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